Peri-Implantitis is the inflammation of gum tissue and bone around a dental implant. As a result, the supporting bone around the Implant is lost. You may not be aware that this is actually occurring, however, if the condition is detected, it is very important to seek treatment.
Symptoms of Peri-Implantitis can vary in type and severity. Some symptoms include redness, inflammation, and bleeding of the surrounding gum tissue. Deepening of the periodontal pockets around the implant, exposure and visibility of the underlying implant threads is also common. Similarly, loosening of the implant itself, and discharge from the tissues around the implant may also occur. In more severe cases, the lymph nodes on your neck may become swollen as well.
The most common cause of peri-implantitis is tartar buildup at the implant site. Tartar harbors toxin-emitting bacteria that cause irritation of the surrounding gum tissue, and ultimately results in tissue and bone loss. There are other possible causes that may apply depending on your situation.
If addressed early enough, there are treatment options available to halt the progression of the disease and attempt to repair the damage. It is important to work closely with your doctor to determine the most suitable options for you, as each case is different.
In conclusion, if left untreated, the infection and bone loss can progress to a point that the implant does not respond to treatment. This could lead to loss of the implant altogether.